Aryeh Hess - The Canton Project
Vision of the Canton Project in a national perspective: The Canton Project aims to design and stabilize the State of Israel in the entire Land of Israel, as a developed, equitable and prosperous federal-cantonal state for the well-being of its residents and neighbors, with a socio-economic rating of 7-8 out of 10 and more, in all parts of the country, and with a GDP of over $60,000 and more.
In its entirety, Israel in the Land of Israel, will join a bloc of developed federal states around the world, in one line with Switzerland, the US, Canada and Australia.
The vision of the Canton project from the perspective of each canton:
Each canton stands out in socioeconomic rankings of 7-8 out of 10.
Each canton stands out with a per capita income level of above $60,000.
Each canton stands out as a green and developed solar canton.
Number of cantons offered: 36, according to the following detail:
1 Canton of Jerusalem
23 cantons of Jewish communities according to the following detail:
5 cantons in the Galilee and the north.
5 cantons in Gush Dan.
4 cantons in the lowlands and Sharon.
3 cantons in the northern Negev.
2 cantons in the southern Negev.
Canton in the Golan.
Canton in the Jordan Valley.
Canton in the Dead Sea.
Canton in Samaria.
Canton in Judea.
12 cantons of Arab communities according to the following detail:
Druze Canton in the Golan.
Arab canton in the Galilee.
Druze Canton in the Galilee.
Bedouin canton in the south.
8 cantons of Judea and Samaria Arabs: Hebron, Bethlehem, Jericho, Ramallah, Qalqiliya, Tulkarm, Nablus and Jenin.
The Canton Project: 8 work premises
The Canton project seeks to present and promote a multifunctional, innovative Israeli outline for the settlement, economic, social and environmental development of the entire Land of Israel. Moreover, this project presents an innovative outline to address the Israeli-Arab conflict in the land.
Formulating and implementing the layout will be done from the perspective of 8 work assumptions:
First work premise: The value of equality in its broad sense (socio-economic equality and political opportunity equality) is a strategic Israeli value, as well as security, political, social, and supreme economic value. Without full socio-economic equality and equal political opportunities between Jews and Arabs in the Land of Israel in its entirety, the country will not be quiet as well as the international community. Striving for socio-economic equality between Jews and Arabs in the Land of Israel in its entirety is a lever and a growth engine that will increase the national GDP, will increase the income per capita and will increase the country's prosperity.
Second work premise: Formation and implementation of the canton plan was done with a deep understanding that regarding the circumstances and past experience, the Land of Israel and Jerusalem cannot be divided. The Land of Israel in its entirety is a single security-political-economic-settlement-ecological community. It is a one planning and living space. The territories of Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and the Jordan Valley are integral to the State of Israel. These parts of the country and their Jewish and Arab residents make up Eastern Israel, and are already united regarding the aspects of economy, security, energy, ecology and settling, and are connected to the State of Israel to the neck. Sooner or later, these territories will be under Israel’s sovereignty and its laws. This will happen with all that is required: The chances of success and the risks of failure and the disadvantages and benefits associated with this strategic-future.
Third work premise: The outline of the Canton plan constitutes a National Outline Plan which is based, first and foremost, on 36 strategic outline plans. Their formulation and implementation are by cantonal regional government institutions with a constitutional status. It also includes details of strategic national development enterprises.
Fourth work premise: Regarding the formation and implementation of the National Outline Plan components, The Canton Project is based on the current demographic ratio in the Land of Israel between the Jewish population and the non-Jewish population, which comprises two-thirds of Jews and one-third of non-Jews. The details: Approximately 7.3 million Jews and 3.7 million non-Jews.
Fifth work premise: Formation and realization of the National Outline Plan of the Canton Project is based on adherence to the content and principles of the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel. According to this, the State of Israel in its entirety is defined and recognized as the state of the Jewish People, and committed to full equality for all residents of the land in its entirety, Jews and Arabs. Striving to fulfill the commitment of the Declaration of Independence, "The State of Israel will work to establish the economic unity of the Land of Israel in its entirety."
Sixth work premise: Expectations of the total population in the land in its entirety by 2035: Approximately 15 million residents, of whom about 10 million are Jews and 5 million are non-Jews. Representation of Israeli and Palestinian Arabs in Judea and Samaria in the country's elected institutions will be consistent with this demographic ratio.
For demonstration purposes, in the aspect of residential construction, the Canton Project offers the promotion of 1,350,000 residential buildings, of which 900,000 are in the cantons of the Jewish communities, and 450,000 are in the Arab cantons.
In the field of higher education, science, research and medicine, a ratio of 24 research universities in the Jewish cantons and 12 research universities in the non-Jewish cantons is proposed. A similar attitude also applies to hospitals, which are proposed to be upgraded as university medical centers.
Seventh work premise: The results of the disengagement from Gaza from an Israeli initiative have resulted in harsh security realities and Hamas rule in the Gaza Strip. About half a million Israeli Jews live in Judea and Samaria. In this view, no political force in Israel will be able to evacuate and disengage from these terrorists in favor of establishing an independent Palestinian state within the 1967 borders with Jerusalem as capital. The Gaza Strip is now a sovereign state entity, separated from Judea and Samaria. The complete ending of the conflict will come in a gradual process that may likely to begin by the implementation of the Canton Project.
Eighth work premise: The promotion of the Canton Project requires the study of the Cantonal idea as a whole, and in particular from a thorough and comprehensive study of the federal-cantonal model of the government in Switzerland, which is considered to be the most advanced in the world. Also, from studying other federal state models: USA, UAE, Canada and Australia.
Promotion and implementation of the design process and the growth of the proposed cantonal system:
The first step in the establishment of the Canton Project: The establishment of a regional public council.
As a first step in the establishment of each canton, it is proposed to promote the establishment of a Spatial Municipal Council, in which activists and members are representatives of all the proposed canton communities: Representatives of the urban cities, development cities, Kibbutzim, communities and villages.
The process of formulating each spatial council includes holding discussions, meetings and workshops on the national and regional need for the establishment of a spatial public council that will, in the first phase, formulate a regional vision and the Regional Outline Plan for the promotion and realization of the vision formulated.
Subsequently, Israeli and Palestinian Authority residents will be offered two routes for parallel and separate progress in establishing the cantonal framework:
1. The Israeli Track for the Transition from a Spatial Municipal Council to a Canton Status: At an advanced stage, each Spatial Municipal Council will operate at local, regional, and national levels to obtain a statutory status of canton that will enable the maximum and best realization of the canton vision, without bureaucratic government involvement that would impose different types of restrictions and regulation that would prevent and make it hard to realize the vision of the canton as a whole.
If necessary, spatial councils will be organized as a broad public framework that operates and conducts a public struggle to anchor constitutional statutory status for the cantons in a regional government level, between the central government and the local government, which oversees the development of Israel in its entirety.
This activity will be done while encouraging more and more residents in all the localities to take an active part in discussions to formulate the canton vision, the approval of the vision and its promotion.
2. The Palestinian route for the establishment of cantons of Palestinian communities in Judea and Samaria: The creation of cantons of Palestinian communities in Judea and Samaria will be done through the process of formulating, designing and converting Palestinian suburbs currently operating within the Palestinian Authority, according to Dr. Mordechai Kedar’s Emirates Plan. Later, the door to each canton will be opened in separate negotiations to join the State of Israel as a full canton.
The statutory status of each of the Palestinian cantons, as the status of Israeli cantons in northern, southern, western and eastern Israel. Every Palestinian canton will enjoy a fixed annual budget allocation from the state budget as any canton.
Acceptance of Palestinian cantons to Israel will be conditional upon:
1. Cantonal referendum on whether to maintain the existing emirate model, or join as a canton to Israel. Accepting Palestinian Emirates to Israel by majority of more than 70%.
2. Transition of Palestinian internal security systems and policing to the supervision and management of the Israeli Ministry of Domestic Security and the Israel Police.
3. The transition of educational systems to the supervision and management of the Israeli Ministry of Education, adapting Palestinian curricula for all ages to study programs practicing in Israel and introducing Hebrew studies as a compulsory profession.
Citizenship of Palestinian residents of Eastern Israel and eligibility for social security contributions: As soon as each Palestinian canton joins the State of Israel, every resident of over 18 years of age will be given an Israeli cantonal residency. Obtaining a cantonal residency certificate for every Palestinian in each canton will be conditional on non-membership in the terrorist organizations.
Any subject of a cantonal residency certificate will be equal to Israeli law, entitled to the National Insurance Institute's fees, health services, education and welfare, and the opportunity to live, study and work anywhere in Israel.
Providing full citizenship to Palestinians who have a cantonal residency: All Palestinians holding Israeli cantonal residency certificate in any of the Palestinian cantons, who would be willing to define themselves as Israeli citizens and take part in one of the civilian duties in Israel (choice between IDF service, Israeli police service and national service), may apply for a full Israeli citizenship certificate. A full Israeli citizenship process can take up to 12 years.
Source of National Insurance Institute budgets for eligible residents of Palestinian cantons: The Source of National Insurance Institute payments to Palestinians with a cantonal residency certificate, are the funds that Israel currently collects from Palestinian workers in Israel and is currently being transferred directly to the Palestinian Authority. These funds will be fully deposited at the National Insurance Institute. These funds will be used exclusively to finance the National Insurance Institute's payments to Palestinians who carry an Israeli cantonal residency certificate, residing in Judea and Samaria.
The institutions of each of the 36 cantons:
The Canton Council
The Director of the Canton
The Canton authorities
The Canton Bank
The Canton Museum
The Canton flag
The canton's internal security and policing unit: Each canton will operate a cantonal security and policing unit that will be subject to the Israeli Police Command and the Israeli Ministry of Domestic Security. The service in this unit will be considered a national mandatory service.